Chest pain is the archetypal ED presentation: one which presents frequently and usually has a benign cause, but could, just could, be the result of life threatening pathology. As Emergency Physicians we must look after these patients well and make sound decisions about their investigations and treatment and in this podcast Simon and I endeavour to give an introduction to how to approach them.
Using our EM maxim of “Rule Out the Worst Case Scenario” we have to actively rule out the potentially serious causes first and we would encourage you to approach these five systematically, using a focused history, examination and investigation to cross them off your differential diagnosis list:
• Acute Coronary Syndrome
• Pulmonary Embolus
• Aortic Disssection
Clearly each of these conditions would be deserving of a podcast, or a series of podcasts, on their own (and in the fullness of time they will have them!). For now we need to concentrate on the classical features of each, whilst bearing in mind that the reason EM is so fascinating is that the patients don’t tend to read the textbooks (or listen to podcasts).
You can also watch the SEMEP video on chest pain here
Unsurprisingly there are lots of excellent resources on this topic available and these are just a few we would encourage you to explore
BMJ Learning (requires log in or Athens) Chest Pain of recet origin – assessment and diagnosis: in association with NICE
LITFL Chest Pain
BMJ Learning (requires log in or Athens) ECG in Chest Pain